Major rivers included the Charles and Merrimack, as well as a portion of the Connecticut Riverwhich has been used to transport furs and timbers to Long Island Sound. The southeastern boundary with the Plymouth Colony was first surveyed in and accepted by both colonies in Freedom from religious persecution motivated the Pilgrims to leave England and settle in Holland, where there was more religious freedom.
The story of the help the Pilgrims in Massachusetts received with agriculture celebrated each year during Thanksgiving, and without the help of Pocahontas it is possible Virginia colony would have been destroyed.
Government[ edit ] The structure of the colonial government changed over the lifetime of the charter. Although slavery was far more prevalent in Virginia than in Massachusetts, it existed in both colonies. On the other hand, the colonists in Virginia colony understood that the cash crops like of tobacco can be of high profit.
It was here that our American heritage of representative government was born. Some Indians captured in the Pequot War were enslaved, with those posing the greatest threat being transported to the West Indies and exchanged for goods and slaves.
As a result, they were often subject to harsh laws and persecution in England on account of their religion which prompted many of them to leave England. The parties reached a compromise, and agreed that the general court would be made up of two deputies elected by each town.
Adultery and rape were more serious crimes, and both were punishable by death. However, after a number of years the Pilgrims felt that their children were being corrupted by the liberal Dutch lifestyle and were losing their English heritage.
As early asships built in the colony began trading with other colonies, England, and foreign ports in Europe. As Governor Bradford of Plymouth stated, "Thus out of small beginnings greater things have been produced by His hand that made all things of nothing, and gives being to all things that are; and as one small candle may light a thousand, so the light here kindled hath shown unto many, yea, in some sort, to our whole Nation.
English relations with the Powhatan Indians were unstable from the beginning. Poor Indian relations, disease, and the initial absence of the family unit compounded the problems.
The colony set standards governing the use of weights and measures. Many colonists lived in fairly crude structures, including dugoutswigwamsand dirt-floor huts made using wattle and daub construction. Marriage and family life[ edit ] Many of the early colonists who migrated from England came with some or all of their family.
John Cotton, and other leaders zealously sought to prevent any independence of religious views, and many with differing religious beliefs—including Roger Williams of Salem and Anne Hutchinson of Boston, as well as unrepentant Quakers and Anabaptists—were banished. If the people be governors, who shall be governed?
When extended eastward, this line was found to meet the Atlantic near Casco Bay in present-day Maine. For example, the "ordeal of touch" was used inin which someone accused of murder is forced to touch the dead body; if blood appears, the accused is deemed guilty.
Sexual activity between men was called sodomyand was also punishable by death. They brought with them apprentices and servants, the latter of whom were sometimes in indentured servitude. In the planning and provisions, smart decisions were made by the settlers that resulted in a wealthy The colonies in Massachusetts started off as separate, privately-run colonies but by the end of the century the British government took control of them and merged them into one large royal colony under the close rule of the crown.
The colony also claimed additional lands by conquest and purchase, further extending the territory that it administered. It was also normal for older widowed parents to live with one of their children. Discussion Demographics In the early 17th century, majority of the English colonists that approached to the Virginia colony were young single men in the age of about twenty.
Several survivors befriended and assisted the colonists. By the mids Massachusetts Bay Colony had grown to more than 20, inhabitants. Oxford University Press, Additionally, each colony established systems of self-government to help them survive that would eventually form some of the foundations of the American political system.
Massachusetts was settled by people seeking religious freedom and self-determination. The following is an overview of important events in 17th century Massachusetts: This approach is in jagged contrast to the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Many of the colonists came from the county of Lincolnshire and East Anglianortheast of London, and a large group also came from DevonSomersetand Dorset in the southwest of England.During the 17th and 18th century, English populace felt that England was over-crowded and oppressive.
Even though the Virginia and Massachusetts Bay colonies were the some of the oldest and most heavily populated of the English colonies, their differences in their economies, politics, religions and society set them apart. Jamestown and Plymouth: Compare and Contrast Traveling aboard the Susan Constant, Godspeed and Discovery, men landed in Virginia in at a place they named Jamestown.
This was the first permanent English settlement in the New World. The 17th century was a time of immense change in the history of Massachusetts.
Tens of thousands of Native-Americans lived in Massachusetts prior to colonization and the area was frequented throughout the 16th and 17th century by European traders and fisherman. Sep 17, · This feature is not available right now.
Please try again later. In the 17th century, on the east coast of the North America there was an English settlement known as the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
It was located in New England that is situated around the current cities of Boston and Salem.
The colonies of Virginia and Massachusetts were similar in some ways and different in others. They were both founded in the first half of the 17th century and they both practiced some form of self.Download