Britain found it difficult to cope with the many rivers and poor roads that they encountered and there were no large open fields where the cavalry could manoeuvre. The more level-headed MPs speculated that it was a war that England was never able to win, and they were perhaps correct: Supported by a French army commanded by General Jean Baptiste de Rochambeau, Washington moved against Yorktown with a total of around 14, soldiers, while a fleet of 36 French warships offshore prevented British reinforcement or evacuation.
Britain also suffered a number of transport problems that further complicated proceedings.
Secondly, Britain suffered many logistical problems including the obtaining and distributing of supplies and also communication problems. In the colonies, the desire to fight the British was never in question.
From that point his tactics centred around small scale battles, skirmishes and ambushes followed by retreat and regrouping; his force must stay intact so the European-style field battle, which risked the destruction and capture of the Continental Army, must be avoided.
However the ships witnessed some of the worst storms of the century and many sunk, were captured or fled towards the West Indies. As a result when a British force was defeated its only hope was to retreat to a fortified port and so if the navy was not there with its usual overwhelming power, the army would be in serious trouble, as exemplified with the Battle of Yorktown.
As a Southerner, Washington was also vital in bringing southern support into Americans win the war of independence essay war that originally was being fought mainly by New Englanders.
A Prussian officer acting as an advisor to Washington, Baron von Steuben, gave the soldiers critical training in military tactics, manoeuvres and the use and firing of their weapons.
Another logistical problem was that the British army could not expect supplies from any area it did not occupy and also the areas Britain did occupy were too small to provision the British army.
However the patriots sent Hon Yost Schuyler to the fort and he promoted a superstition that caused the Indians to desert the fort and as a result caused the British to retreat to Oswego and abandon their siege.
How could they defeat an army that would not fight on their terms? Food that did reach America created another problem for the British, as there were no good means to store or distribute the food.
Therefore Britain lost their best chance of destroying the Continental army, capturing Washington and winning the war. At Bennington, the patriots played another great trick sending men disguised as loyalists to mingle with British troops.
By Washington had fought Howe five times and lost every one, however Washington never lost his army. In the end only 13 supply ships reached Boston by which time most of the food had gone bad. With regards to military strategy, Britain made a number of strategic errors and struggled to come to terms with the difficult terrain, whereas the colonists under the influential command of Washington made some excellent tactical decisions in battle.
The arrival of French forces in was also coupled with deteriorating British morale and, back in London, a declining interest in prolonging the war. When a joint action involving American and French infantry and the French navy laid siege to British troops in Yorktown inforcing their commander Lord Cornwallis to surrender, the parliament had endured enough and initiated peace negotiations.
A joint attack on the British at Newport, Rhode Islandin late July failed, and for the most part the war settled into a stalemate phase in the North.
France also helped bring Spain and Holland into the war and without them the colonists would have found it difficult to win.
For example in Admiralty agents insisted that army suppliers be licensed and applications accompanied by exact cargo manifests. Therefore as the war continued patriot fervour increased whereas British morale went down. Though the movement for American independence effectively triumphed at Yorktown, contemporary observers did not see that as the decisive victory yet.
Visit Website Did you know? Britain encountered many logistical problems in the war which all contributed in some way to its defeat.Free Essay: The American Revolution was a war for independence. It was a war which was fought for equal rights and the freedom of a would be nation.
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The American Revolution was a war. The American Revolutionary War (–), the American War of Independence, or simply the Revolutionary War in the United States, was the prosperous military revolt against Great Britain of Thirteen American Colonies which joined together as the United States of America in July The Americans managed to achieve independence from one of the strongest military powers on earth, England, after because of their home field advantage, successful military operations, and need to be free to governor themselves.
America's Road to Independence Essay otherwise known as America’s War for Independence. For.
Longing to transform England's rule as a result that the colonies would be regulated legitimately, the earlier fathers struggled no revolution, only a war for Independence "in which Americans threw off British authority in order to retain their liberties and self-government." (Woods, year, pp.
14). The more level-headed MPs speculated that it was a war that England was never able to win, and they were perhaps correct: fighting on foreign soil to achieve political obedience was, in hindsight, an unachievable goal.
Why did the Americans win the War of Independence? Essay by usvalerio, University, Bachelor's, B, December download word file, 10 pages download word file, 10 pages 4 votes/5(4).Download