The terms of the acceptance must exactly match the terms of the offer. On 8 September, the defendants sold the wool to someone else. According to article 18 2 of the Convention, an acceptance is effective when it reaches the offeror. Such legislation is often entitled the Electronic Transactions Act.
B is just rejecting the offer, she did not actually revoke her acceptance Under the posting rule, performance is a means of acceptance. By default, an option contract is accepted when the offeror receives the acceptance, not when the offeree mails it.
Where parties are at distance from one another, and an offer is sent by mail, it is universally held in this country [United States] that the reply accepting the offer may be sent through the same medium, and, if it is so sent, the contract will be complete when the acceptance is mailed, Courts have similarly held that the posting rule does not apply to acceptances by telephone or fax.
What amounts to a reasonable period will depend on the circumstances. Quenerduaine v Cole Facts an offer was sent by telegram, the offeree sent a letter to accept Critical point was it reasonable to accept by letter when the offer was made by telegram?
Held the postal rule did not apply. Therefore, this is merely legal information designed to educate the reader.
Getreid v Contimar Facts the offeree sent the acceptance by post but they made a mistake in the address and the letter took longer than expected to arrive.
For example, if A brings a letter of acceptance to the local post office and A sees the post office burn down a moment later, there is no acceptance. This created a number of problems and has led to a formulation of the rule. The letter of revocation can be effective only when received, that is Day 4.
The posting rule does not apply to option contracts or irrevocable offers where acceptance is still effective only upon receipt.
A letter of acceptance is not considered "posted" if it is handed to an agent to deliver, such as a courier. Grant,Thesiger LJ suggested agency as a basis for this rule as he affirmed: The general principle that acceptance takes place when communicated applies to instantaneous forms of communication.
However, a contract was formed on Day 3 when the letter of acceptance was posted. Duhaime Lawisms The wrongs which we seek to condemn and punish have been so calculated, so malignant and so devastating, that civilization cannot tolerate their being ignored, because it cannot survive their being repeated.
B changes his mind and sends a fax to A accepting the offer. The defendants misdirected the letter so that the plaintiffs did not receive it until 5 September. For example, in Entores Ltd v Miles Far East Corporation  2 QBthe Court held that the posting rule did not apply to an acceptance by telex as the Court regarded it as an instantaneous form of communication.
Communication The general rule is that the offeror must receive the acceptance before it is effective: We are still waiting for a court to decide. The claimant sent a letter of acceptance but it was lost in the post and did not arrive in time Critical point did the postal rule apply if the offeror requires a notice in writing to accept?
An offer may be terminated by: The plaintiffs posted their acceptance on the same day but it was not received until 9 September. However, if B ships the red coathangers with a note that they sent these because they had run out of blue coathangers, this is not an acceptance, but rather an accommodationwhich is a form of counter-offer.
Death of offeror or offeree 2. The mere delivery of letters by post does not of itself complete a contract. It would be unreasonable to disadvantage the offeror due to a mistake made by the other party. This idea depends on the assumption that the offer creates a power binding both parties and acceptance is an exercise of that power.
B intends to reject the offer by putting a letter in the mail to A rejecting the offer. This rule was first established in the case of the court of Adams v Lindsell  1 B. Civil law jurisdictions[ edit ] Civil law jurisdictions do not follow the postal rule.Offer and acceptance, postal rule Adams v Lindsell () 1 B & Aldis an English contract case regarded as the first case towards the establishment of the " postal rule " for acceptance of an offer.
the postal rule in contract law. 15 Feb, | General. This rule was first established in the case of the court of Adams v Lindsell ( 1 ultimedescente.com court had to decide the exact moment of contract formation by ultimedescente.com was found that parties were not sure when acceptance was communicated by post.
The postal rule states that where a letter is properly addressed and stamped the acceptance takes place when the letter is placed in the post box: Adams v Lindsell () ER Case summary It is relatively easy for the parties to exclude the postal rule.
Hence, owing to the postal rule, the offeror is bound when the offeree posts the letter of acceptance even if the letter is delayed, destroyed and the offeror has no knowledge of acceptance.
(O’Sullivan and Hilliard, ) The postal rule is reflected in the case of Adams v Lindsell  1 B & Ald and Ignatius v Bell  2 F MSLR The postal rule was established in the case of Adams v Lindsell.
This essay also will show weather the postal rule should or should not be continue, and the rules and method to determine the. Postal Rule Definition: Waddams, in The Law of Contracts refers to it as the "mailbox rule; but Fridman, in The Law of Contract, to the "postal acceptance rule".
An British case (Henthorn v Fraser) summarized it as follows.Download